• Document: section 4: Fire Support
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section 4: Fire Support chapter 3: programs Introduction In 2007, the “Major Combat Operations Analysis for Fiscal Years 2014 to 2024” study scrutinized the in-service organic fire support of the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) to determine the adequacy, integration, and modernization requirements for ground, aviation, and naval surface fires. The Marine Corps also performed a supplemental historical study using Operation Iraqi Freedom data to examine MAGTF fires in the full spectrum of warfare. These studies reconfirmed our development of complementary systems of ground indirect fires. Ground indirect fires require a medium-caliber cannon artillery capabil- ity, an extended-range ground-based rocket capability, and a capability with greater lethality than current mortars but greater tactical mobility than in-ser- vice artillery systems. This provides a balanced, expeditionary, ground-based fires capability that is responsive, complementary, redundant, and within the range and lethality requirements of the targets the Marine Corps will face across the full range of military operations. The foundation of ground indirect fires is the M777A2 Lightweight 155mm howitzer that, through design innovation, navigation and positioning aides, and digital fire control offers significant improvements in lethality, sur- vivability, mobility, and durability compared to the M198 howitzer. The High- Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) fills a critical range and volume gap in Marine Corps fire-support assets. HIMARS provides an extended- range precision capability to Marine forces. The third “leg” of Marine Corps ground indirect fires is the Expeditionary Fire Support System (EFSS), a towed 120mm mortar. EFSS will be the principal indirect fire support system for he- licopter- and tiltrotor-borne forces executing ship-to-objective-maneuver as part of a MAGTF. When paired with an Internally Transportable Vehicle, EFSS can be transported on board MV-22 and CH-53E/K aircraft. EFSS-equipped units will have immediately responsive, organic indirect fires at ranges beyond current infantry battalion mortars. Several additional innovative systems related to fire support significantly enhance the warfighting efficiency and effectiveness of the MAGTF, including the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System, and the Target Location, Designation and Handoff system. In addition, the development of precision guided munitions, such as Excalibur, Guided Multiple-Launch Rocket System and the Precision Extended Range Munition, has shown lethality on the bat- tlefield while minimizing collateral damage. 101 USMC Concepts & Programs 2013 HIGH MOBILITY ARTILLERY Capability in the fourth quarter of FY 2008 and Full ROCKET SYSTEM (HIMARS) Operational Capability in FY 2010. In early 2012, HI- MARS was fielded to two additional battalions (one active and one Reserve) in the Marine Corps. The program continues to procure munitions in support of operations and sustainment. Procurement Profile: FY 13 FY 14 Quantity: 0 0 Developer/Manufacturer: Launcher and MFOM: Lockheed Martin Corporation, Missiles and Fire Control Division, Dallas, Texas Description HIMARS is a C-130 aircraft-transportable, wheeled, indirect-fire, rocket/missile system capable LIGHTWEIGHT 155MM HOWITZER of firing all rockets and missiles in the in-service and (LW155) future Multiple-Launch Rocket System Family of Mu- nitions (MFOM). The HIMARS launcher consists of a fire-control system, carrier (automotive platform), and launcher-loader module that will perform all op- erations necessary to complete a fire mission. The basic system is defined as one launcher, two resupply vehi- cles, and two resupply trailers and munitions. Operational Impact HIMARS addresses an identified, critical warfight- ing deficiency in Marine Corps fire support. HIMARS primarily employs the guided MLRS rocket to provide Description precision fires in support of maneuver forces. HIMARS The LW155 is a joint Marine Corps/Army program is a transformational responsive, general-support/

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