• Document: Introduction to Liturgical Services The Divine Liturgy
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Introduction to Liturgical Services The Divine Liturgy Produced for St. Mina’s Coptic Orthodox Church, Holmdel NJ Wine His Blood (Jn.17:1)”My hour has come” Water Wine (Jn.2:4)”My hour has not come” Our Lord Jesus Christ Instituting the Eucharist (1co 11:23- 25) “That the Lord Jesus the same night in which He was betrayed took bread; And when He had given thanks, He broke it, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me”. In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.”  The popular liturgies used by our Coptic Church: The Liturgy of St. Basil. The Liturgy of St. Gregory. The Liturgy of St. Cyril. The Eucharistic Liturgy St. Cyril the Great St. Gregory the St. Basil the Great Nazianzen Liturgy of St. Basil  The Prayer of Reconciliation: “O God, the Great, the Eternal, who formed man in incorruption; …” Worship God in fear and trembling. Liturgy of St. Gregory  The Prayer of Reconciliation: “O You, THE BEING, who were and who abide forever, … and co-creator with the Father” Worship the Lamb, the Logos of God. Liturgy of St. Cyril  The Prayer of Reconciliation: “O God of love and giver of the oneness of hearts…” Worship God in fear. The Eucharistic Liturgy Liturgy: is from the Greek word Leitourgia = public service. Liturgy = Leites (Public) + Ourgia (service). Rites =“Tuks” from the Greek word ‘taxis’= System. The System of the Holy Service = The Holy symbolical movements, performance, recitation of verbal prayers, the performing of the holy symbols, the shape of the church, utensils, the ranks of the priests and the garments they wear, every motion and/or action. (1Cor. 14:40)"Let all things done decently and in order" Litanies = Intercessory Prayer [audible or In-audible].  The litany of the Reposed is prayed during Vespers, that is at sun-set, to remind the believers that our lives on earth shall one day come to an end  The litany of the Sick is said in the morning because the church is like a hospital which opens it's door for the sick and cures them, as St. John Chrysostom described it.  The litany of the Travelers is prayed in the morning because, in the past, people would only travel in the morning light when it was safe to do so. "When the sun rises man goes out to his work and to his labour until the evening" (Ps. 104:22-23) The short Litanies; 1. Remember, O Lord, the peace of Your one,… Church. 2.Remember, O Lord, our blessed … Papa abba …. 3.Remember, O Lord, the orthodox hegumens, priests… 4.Remember, O Lord, to have mercy upon us all. 5.Remember, O Lord, the salvation of this Yours holy place. 6.Graciously accord, O Lord, to bless (Waters– Plants- air) Lord have mercy x3 7.Remember, O Lord, Assemblies, …bless them. Lord have mercy Liturgy of St. Basil 7 Litanies Liturgy of St. Gregory 10 Litanies Liturgy of St. Cyril 17 Litanies The procession of Incense After the priest finishes praying the Litanies. @ the door of the sanctuary: East 1- We worship You O Christ ou God, with Your gracious Father and the Holy Spirit, for You have come and saved us. 2- But as for me, I will come into Your house in the multitude of Your mercy ... 3- Before the angels I will sing praises to You ... @ the Virgin's icon: North We greet you with Gabriel the angel, saying "Peace be with you, O full of grace, the Lord is with you“ @ Toward the people West Hail to the hosts of angels and my father the apostles, the martyrs, and all the saints. @ St John the Baptist icon South Hail to John, son of Zacharias, hail to the priest the son of the High. Anamnesis = a Greek word = re- calling or re-enacting.  For every time you shall eat of this Bread & drink of this cup you; Amen x 3 1. Preach My death. We preach Your death. 2. Confess My resurrection. Your Holy resurrection 3. Remember Me until I come. We remember You till You come. (2nd coming) We praise You (O Lord God the Father) We bless You (O Christ the Son God) We thank You (O Holy Spirit for your gifts) • Eucharist is an anamnesis of the redeeming action of Christ in the mysterious sense that it is still active and continuous. Nine hours of abstaining = the Lord’s nine hours of sufferings on the day of crucifixion  9 a.m.=3rd Hour Beginning of Trail  12 p.m.= 6th Hour The Crucifixion  3 p.m.= 9th Hour gave up His Spi

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