• Document: MISRA-C:2004 Guidelines for the use of the C language in critical systems October 2004 First published October 2004 by MIRA Limited Watling Street Nuneaton Warwickshire CV10 0TU UK Edition
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MISRA-C:2004 Guidelines for the use of the C language in critical systems October 2004 Licensed to: Tyler Doering. 10 Sep 2008. Copy 1 of 1 First published October 2004 by MIRA Limited Watling Street Nuneaton Warwickshire CV10 0TU UK www.misra-c.com Edition 2 reprinted July 2008 incorporating Technical Corrigendum 1 © MIRA Limited, 2004, 2008. “MISRA”, “MISRA C” and the triangle logo are registered trademarks of MIRA Limited, held on behalf of the MISRA Consortium. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical or photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the Publisher. ISBN 978-0-9524156-2-6 paperback ISBN 978-0-9524156-4-0 PDF Printed by Hobbs the Printers Ltd British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library This copy of MISRA-C:2004 - Guidelines for the use of the C language in critical systems is issued to Tyler Doering. The file must not be altered in any way. No permission is given for distribution of this file. This includes but is not exclusively limited to making the copy available to others by email, placing it on a server for access by intra- or inter-net, or by printing and distributing hardcopies. Any such use constitutes an infringement of copyright. MISRA gives no guarantees about the accuracy of the information contained in this PDF version of the Guidelines. The published paper document should be taken as authoritative. Information is available from the MISRA web site on how to purchase printed copies of the document. Licensed to: Tyler Doering. 10 Sep 2008. Copy 1 of 1 MISRA-C:2004 Guidelines for the use of the C language in critical systems October 2004 i Licensed to: Tyler Doering. 10 Sep 2008. Copy 1 of 1 MISRA Mission Statement: To provide assistance to the automotive industry in the application and creation within vehicle systems of safe and reliable software. MISRA, The Motor Industry Software Reliability Association, is a collaboration between vehicle manufacturers, component suppliers and engineering consultancies which seeks to promote best practice in developing safety-related electronic systems in road vehicles and other embedded systems. To this end MISRA publishes documents that provide accessible information for engineers and management, and holds events to permit the exchange of experiences between practitioners. www.misra.org.uk Disclaimer Adherence to the requirements of this document does not in itself ensure error-free robust software or guarantee portability and re-use. Compliance with the requirements of this document, or any other standard, does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. ii Licensed to: Tyler Doering. 10 Sep 2008. Copy 1 of 1 Foreword In preparing the original MISRA-C:1998 [1] document, it was hoped to make some impact in the use of software within the UK automotive industry. Since 1998, the successes and global use of MISRA-C1 across automotive, aerospace, medical and other industries has been staggering. Since the publication of MISRA-C:1998, we have received considerable comment of the good, bad, and in some cases impractical rules included. We therefore set about the task of producing an update, MISRA-C:2004 (this document), which improves on, and corrects the issues faced by software engineers implementing MISRA-C:1998. While producing MISRA-C:2004, the question of addressing the 1999 C standard [8] arose. At this time, only issues with MISRA-C:1998 are addressed due to the limited support for C99 on embedded microprocessors. For the last few years, a dedicated group have met, representing a broad range of interests to refine and produce MISRA-C:2004. I would like to thank this team for their effort and support. I would also like to recognise our global partners who have aided our global preparation of MISRA-C:2004. In the USA, this has been with the SAE J2632 committee led by Bruce Emaus. In Japan, we have worked with representatives of JSAE, JAMA, and the MISRA Study Group, and I would particularly like to thank Takao Futagami for his role in co-ordinating access to these groups. I would also like to thank all those in a wider group who have provided comments and support to the MISRA-C effort. This includes all those who participated in the review during 2003, which led to some rules being re-designed to address the comments received. In presenting MISRA-C:2004, we have attempted to refine the document in a number of ways. • We have replaced general blanket rules with s

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