• Document: ASSIGNMENT 502 THEORIES, PRINCIPLES AND MODELS IN EDUCATION AND TRAINING. Task D. PMelville
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ASSIGNMENT 502 THEORIES, PRINCIPLES AND MODELS IN EDUCATION AND TRAINING Task D PMelville Table of Contents Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 2 1. Theories and models of curriculum development .......................................................................... 2 How do we define curriculum? ........................................................................................................... 2 Theorists.............................................................................................................................................. 4 Taba................................................................................................................................................. 4 Tyler .................................................................................................................................................... 5 Structure of curriculum ....................................................................................................................... 6 Brick design ..................................................................................................................................... 6 Satellite or subject based curriculum ............................................................................................. 6 A jigsaw or coordinated curriculum ................................................................................................ 7 The pyramid design ......................................................................................................................... 7 The spiral curriculum ...................................................................................................................... 7 Function of curriculum ........................................................................................................................ 8 ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 The hidden curriculum .................................................................................................................... 9 The ‘hidden’ curriculum .................................................................................................................... 10 .............................................................................................................................................................. 10 2. ESOL curriculum ............................................................................................................................ 11 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................. 12 Bibliography .......................................................................................................................................... 13 1 Assignment 502 Theories, principles and models in education and training Task D Research report 750-1000 Carry out research into the theories and models of curriculum development Write a report in which you a) analyse the theories and models of curriculum development b) explain ways in which theories and models of curriculum development can be applied in developing curricula in own area of specialism Introduction This report will analyse the theories and models of curriculum development. It will start by discussing the various theorists, such Taba and Tyler. This report will then go on analysing the structure of curriculum, a brick or spiral design for example. This report will then explain ways in which theories and models of curriculum can be applied in developing curricula in ESOL and literacy. The sources used in this report are academic material. 1. Theories and models of curriculum development How do we define curriculum? “The planned and guided learning experiences and intended learning outcomes, formulated through the systematic reconstruction of knowledge and experiences, under the auspices of the school, for the learners’ continuous and wilful growth in personal social competence.” Daniel Tanner (Tanner, 1980) 2 There are many different definitions of curriculum. The terms curriculum and syllabus are often used interchangeably. The figure 1 below, which was devised by the author of this report, gives a clearer definition of a curriculum, syllabus and a scheme of work. Apparently, curriculum has its origins in the running/chariot tracks of Greece. In Latin curriculum was a racing chariot; currere was to run. Curriculum was therefore literally, a course. (htt1) Vic Kelly defined curriculum as all the learning which

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