• Document: Ecosystems and People. The Philippine Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Sub-Global Assessment
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Ecosystems and People The Philippine Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Sub-Global Assessment Ecosystems and People: The Philippine Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) Sub-global Assessment Edited by Rodel D. Lasco Ma. Victoria O. Espaldon University of the Philippines Los Baños/ University of the Philippines World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF-Philippines) Diliman Editorial Assistant Maricel A. Tapia A contribution to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment prepared by the Philippine Sub-global Assessment Published by: Environmental Forestry Programme College of Forestry and Natural Resources University of the Philippines Los Baños In collaboration with: Department of Environment Laguna Lake and Natural Resources Development Authority Published by the Environmental Forestry Programme College of Forestry and Natural Resources University of the Philippines Los Baños College, Laguna, Philippines 4031 © Copyright 2005 by College of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of the Philippines Los Baños ISBN 971-547-237-0 Layout and cover design: Maricel A. Tapia This report is a contribution to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment prepared by the Philippine Sub-global Assessment Team. The report has been prepared and reviewed through a process approved by the MA Board but the report itself has not been accepted or approved by the Assessment Panel or the MA Board. CONTENTS Foreword vii Acknowledgments ix Summary for Decision Makers 1 Philippine Sub-Global Assessment: Synthesis 9 Introduction 35 Laguna Lake: Conditions and Trends 1. Overview of the Laguna Lake Basin 43 2. Laguna Lake’s Tributary River Watersheds 53 3. Water Resources 63 4. Fish 115 5. Rice 133 6. Biodiversity 151 7. Climate Change 167 8. Institutional Arrangements, Social Conflicts, and Ecosystem Trends 187 9. Conclusions 201 Appendices Appendix A. Additional Data and Information on Laguna Lake Basin 205 Appendix B. Acronyms and Chemical Symbols 221 Appendix C. Units of Measurement 225 Appendix D. The Philippine Sub-Global Assessment Team 227 Appendix E. About the Authors 231 Foreword The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) is a timely the sub global assessment, and bring them to the policy response to the need of policymakers and resource managers formulation and decision-making process, and in drawing for scientific information on how human welfare is impacted up necessary legislative agenda, if need be. upon by ecosystems changes, and how ecological systems are affected by human activities. Specifically, and in relation to the recently enacted Clean Water Act (CWA) under the Republic Act 9275, the DENR Significantly, through the Philippine MA Sub-Global should be able to leverage the findings of the sub-global Assessment focusing on the Laguna de Bay Basin, the assessment of the Laguna de Bay Basin to drive the Philippines is certain to have directly contributed to the implementation of the CWA in the lake region as a declared attainment of the UN Millennium Development Goals and Water Quality Management Area (WQMA) under section 5 Implementation Plan for the 2002 World Summit on thereof. Sustainable Development. At this juncture, and as we are at the stage of advocating the The fact that the Sub-Global Assessment of the Laguna de sub-global assessment findings and results in this Policy- Bay Basin’s ecosystems and their services made use of the Seminar Workshop

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